RfP UK endorses ICAN’s roadmap for the denuclearisation of the Korean Peninsula and calls for talks to save the Iran nuclear weapons deal
ICAN have published a roadmap for the denuclearisation of the Korean Peninsula, as follows:
1 – Recognise that nuclear weapons pose an unacceptable risk to humanity
The start to solving any problem is admitting that there is one. North Korea and the US must both recognise the risks and unacceptable humanitarian consequences of any use of nuclear weapons.
2 – Reject nuclear weapons and join the Nuclear Weapons Ban Treaty
Rather than risk the kind of disputes over verification and compliance that led to the collapse of previous talks, the United States and North Korea should agree to use a multilateral process through the UN Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW). The treaty, adopted by the UN in 2017, forbids the development, testing, possession, use, and threatening to use nuclear weapons. North and South Korea should immediately join the TPNW, rejecting any role for nuclear weapons in their security policies.
3 – Remove North Korea’s nuclear weapons in a verifiable and irreversible way
Under the TPNW, North Korea would work with a competent international authority to develop and implement a time-bound, verifiable, and irreversible plan for the total elimination of its nuclear-weapon programme. The international community would play a key role in this process by verifying the elimination of North Korea’s nuclear-weapon programme.
4 – Ratify the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT)
The United States and North Korea should both commit never to test nuclear weapons again by ratifying the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty. Ceasing all nuclear-weapon test explosions would provide an effective measure of nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation. As a legally-binding instrument founded on a robust verification system, the CTBT would also help overcome the trust deficit that is a real impediment to progress on denuclearisation of the Korean peninsula.
5 – Rejoin the NPT and world community
Following the elimination of its nuclear weapons, North Korea should rejoin the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. The United States should pursue multilateral nuclear disarmament negotiations as stipulated by NPT Article VI.
Along with others, RfP UK also calls on the United States and all countries involved in the Iran nuclear weapons agreement to come back to the negotiating table to resolve their differences to ensure that nuclear weapons non-proliferation can continue with Iran. Whilst any progress with North Korea is to be welcomed, the success of maintaining nuclear weapon non-proliferation in Iran must not be lost.